Burnout and emotional health at work.

Burnout and emotional health at work.

Emotional health is directly related to the handling and control of emotions , as well as the way we react to certain situations.

Burnout syndrome impairs the physical and emotional health of patients.

Therefore, when we do not know how to control emotions, some illnesses such as anxiety, panic and depression can appear and harm the individual’s well-being.

What is burnout syndrome and emotional health ?

Its first description appears in the 1970s, and the term of English origin represents something that stopped working due to lack of energy. Burnout is a psychic disorder caused by extreme exhaustion always related to the individual’s work .

The syndrome is very common in professionals who work under constant pressure, and this whole situation results in a deep depression, which requires medical follow-up.

Therefore, it is very important to emphasize that the condition is a mental disorder that directly impacts emotional health , and may even cause physical symptoms in the patient.

In which professions is burnout most common?

Professional burnout is very common in professions with a high level of stress and demand. Some of the main cases are:

  • Police and Firefighters;
  • Doctors and nurses;
  • Telemarketing agents;
  • Banking;
  • Teachers;
  • Advertisers.

What are the symptoms of burnout?

There are many symptoms related to burnout syndrome and you may not relate them to the condition. In most cases, they come on mildly , increasing in intensity over time.

So watch out! In the presence of one or more of the symptoms listed below, it is important to seek immediate medical help . See below:

  • Extreme exhaustion, physical and mental;
  • Frequent headache and muscle aches ;
  • Changes in appetite;
  • Insomnia and discouragement;
  • sexual dysfunction;
  • Feelings of failure and insecurity;
  • Irritability and aggressiveness;
  • Low self esteem;
  • Difficulty concentrating and memory lapses;
  • Constant negative thoughts;
  • Feelings of defeat and incompetence;
  • Mood swings and isolation;
  • Increased blood pressure and heart rate;
  • Immunodeficiency;
  • Gastrointestinal problems (stomach and intestines)

How is burnout diagnosed?

The diagnosis of burnout is made after a clinical analysis of the patient with a specialist professional, such as a  psychiatrist  and/or  psychologist . These professionals help identify the problem and guide the best form of treatment, according to each case.

However, most people don’t usually seek medical help because they don’t know or can’t identify the symptoms, so they end up neglecting the situation without knowing that the situation could get worse.

In case of need, you will find support in the Unified Health System (SUS) . The Psychosocial Care Network (RAPS) is able to offer, free of charge, complete monitoring, from diagnosis to drug treatment.


Syndrome treatment can be done with the use of medications to treat symptoms. However, burnout requires that the person undergo therapy and be constantly monitored by a doctor.

In addition, it is very important that the patient receives support from the network of family, friends and co-workers, so that the recovery is complete. Therefore, it is necessary to redo some habits and attitudes, in order to prevent the condition from continuing to cause damage .

Other highly recommended options are the adoption of physical activities and healthy habits such as a balanced diet, meditation and breathing exercises.

It is worth noting that it is essential to follow the treatment to the letter. This helps to avoid relapses that cause symptoms to worsen even further.

Burnout prevention tips

The best treatment for burnout syndrome is to prevent it from actually happening. Therefore, burnout prevention must be taken seriously. Some recommendations are:

  • When not at work, engage in activities that bring you pleasure;
  • Set small goals for your professional and personal life, but remember not to overdo the goals;
  • Avoid being with negative people who speak ill of work and other people;
  • Talk about your feelings;
  • Do not abuse alcohol, tobacco or other illicit drugs;
  • Escape the daily routine and practice different activities;
  • Take a rest. Your body and mind need it to recover and start a new journey;
  • Never self-medicate, seek a medical opinion.


The best way to contribute to the physical and emotional health of employees is to adapt. That is, companies must know how to deal with the different situations involving their employees and efficiency in production.

Take breaks during the day and avoid daily stress.

Also, offering health programs is an excellent option. For this, agreements can be formed with clinics specializing in psychology and psychiatry. In other cases, it is worth hiring a professional in the area to work within the company, providing internal assistance.

Caring for mental health is essential for good interaction among employees in the work area. Therefore, in addition to looking for options that help reduce stress, seek guidance from a professional in the area.

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